The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional and healthy eating choices of people in countries that border the Mediterranean Sea, such as France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.
People with multiple sclerosis may benefit from this diet. A large, population-based study, published in 2012, reported that older adults who followed this diet — rich in fruits and vegetables, fish and grains — showed less damage to the brain’s small vessels, damage that occurs as a normal part of aging and that also can be caused by diseases such as MS.
Following a special diet may help some MS patients, although evidence supports no one particular diet but finds potential benefits in several. People with MS would do well to consult with their personal physicians before starting a diet that best meets their individual needs and preferences.
Mediterranean diet guidelines
The Mediterranean diet includes a high intake of whole grains, vegetables, fruits,